Recent progress in diverse neurobiological systems has uncovered intriguing examples of evolutionary convergence and optimisation and indicates that natural selection pressures can determine the organisation of neuronal processing systems down to the molecular level. In parallel, computational and theoretical neuroscience has witnessed rapid progress in its capability to derive functionally optimised circuit architectures under realistic neurobiological constraints. In addition, computational phylogenomics and developmental neuroscience have opened up new avenues to reconstruct the developmental-evolutionary construction of neuronal cell types and circuits through single cell resolution molecular profiling and advanced bioinformatics approaches.
The Priority Programme will provide a platform to bring these biological, computational and mathematical disciplines together and support research projects that aim to uncover evolutionary principles and processes of neuronal circuit design.
Retroviruses comprise a diverse group of exogenous and endogenous viruses defined by their unique replication strategy to reverse-transcribe their RNA genome into a complementary DNA. Millions of years of coevolution with their mammalian hosts gave rise to highly pathogenic as well as apathogenic members of this family of viruses and to species-specific differences in their pathologic potential.
This Priority Programme thus aims at the identification of the full molecular sensing and restriction machinery involved in cell-autonomous immunity against retroviruses, its regulation, virus-encoded countermeasures, and pathophysiological consequences. An important aspect of the programme will also be to visualise innate immune recognition events, assess their dynamics and define the stoichiometry of key components involved. SPP 1923 will integrate retrovirologists, immunologists, and experts in key technologies to accomplish these goals.
Proposals submitted to this call should address several of the following aspects:
Initiation of International Cooperation for cooperation with the Social Science Research Council (SSRC):
The Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is an independent, international, non-profit organisation devoted to the advancement of interdisciplinary research in the social sciences. Its Media & Democracy program encourages academic research, practitioner reflection, and public debate on all aspects of the close relationship between media and democracy. Researchers eligible for DFG funding have the opportunity to liaise with the program to organise joint conferences, make connections with North American scholars with similar interests, and build international scholarly networks.
NORFACE announces a new transnational research programme on democratic governance. The main focus of this research programme will be on understanding the precise nature of the recent turbulence in democratic politics and governance in Europe, how European states can negotiate it and how they can develop strategies to enhance the quality of democratic politics and governance.
Biomedical imaging has substantially developed and plays a central role in various disease settings of modern medicine. Despite this, only very limited image information is used for clinical decision making, while a large portion of specific image features is neglected. There is early evidence that “Radiomics”-based assessment provides incremental diagnostic and prognostic information. At the same time, developments in artificial intelligence and deep-learning approaches have opened new opportunities for image interpretation. The Priority Programme is designed to further develop and establish the role of “Radiomics” and advanced image interpretation approaches in different clinical scenarios.
During the past ten years, novel types of innate lymphocytes have been discovered and characterised in mice and man that are now collectively referred to as innate lymphoid cells (ILC). It is the aim of the programme to provide novel insights into ILC as guardians of tissue homeostasis and repair, in the defense against infections and in the pathogenesis of inflammation-driven diseases. The programme intends to bring together immunologists, microbiologists, and clinical scientists such as gastroenterologists, rheumatologists and dermatologists as well as scientists interested in epithelial cell biology and experts in key technologies.
Die DFG und der Nationalrat für wissenschaftliche und technologische Forschung (CONICET) geben die dritte Ausschreibung zur Förderung von deutsch-argentinischen Forschungsprojekten in folgenden Bereichen bekannt: Physikalische Chemie, Materialwissenschaft und Ingenieurwesen, Geowissenschaften, Neurowissenschaften, Molekulare und klinische Infektologie und Immunologie sowie Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften.
The Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) together with the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) will launch a bilateral call for collaborative research proposals bringing together arts and humanities researchers in the UK with humanities (including law and linguistics) researchers in Germany. We anticipate that this will be the first in a series of annual bilateral DFG/AHRC calls.
The aims of the call are:
Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) interact with trans-acting factors, including proteins and various non-coding RNAs, at all stages of their life. Since there are many mRNA-interacting factors and each mRNA encodes a particular protein, the resulting ribonucleoprotein particle (mRNPs) is unique in its composition. The composition of each mRNP is important because this “mRNP code” is believed to control the fate and function of each individual mRNA in every cell. As many of the mRNP-associated factors become recruited, re-organised and released according to specific needs in the mRNA’s life cycle, the code is highly dynamic and reflects the functional status of each mRNA.
It is the goal of the Priority Programme to “decipher the mRNP code” of eukaryotes. We aim to achieve this goal by bringing together researchers from disciplines as diverse as systems biology, biochemistry, structural biology and bioinformatics to develop and apply methods allowing insight into the composition of mRNPs, how they are assembled and remodelled and how they function in specific cellular settings of gene expression.
The Priority Programme wants to develop a crossdisciplinary research platform in Germany for the investigation and exploitation of the extraordinary interaction properties of quantum systems in highly excited Rydberg states. It addresses not only fundamental questions relying on Rydberg interactions in few and many-body systems, quantum nonlinear optics and surface science but also applications in various fields of classical and quantum technology as well as metrology.
The classical picture of turbulence is that turbulent fluid motion is characterised by a cascade of vortices and swirls of different sizes that give rise to a featureless and stochastic fluid motion. Our daily experience shows, however, that turbulent flows in nature and technology are often organised in prominent large-scale and long-living structures that can cause extreme fluctuations. The focus of the Priority Programme are “Turbulent Superstructures”, i.e., patterns whose coherence does not stop at the natural scale, such as the boundary layer height, but extends over much larger scales. When present, superstructures can dominate the global transport of mass, heat and momentum, act as barriers to transport, and increase the variability and fluctuations in the flow.
The aim of the Priority Programme is to integrate the different recent advances to arrive at a comprehensive characterisation and understanding of turbulent superstructures.
Ziel des Schwerpunktprogramms ist die Entwicklung numerischer Methoden für den verbesserten Entwurf von Strukturen mit unscharfen Daten und Informationen. Neben den Anwendungen in den zu beteiligenden Ingenieurdisziplinen Bauingenieurwesen sowie Maschinen- und Anlagenbau und der Unterscheidung verschiedener Phasen (frühe und finale Entwurfsphase) stehen „real world“-Szenarien im Fokus, die durch adäquate Modellierung abzubilden sind. Numerische Strukturanalysen auf dem aktuellen Stand der Forschung bilden die Basis der Entwurfskonzepte.
In der zweiten Förderperiode soll der Fokus auf Entwurfsaufgaben im Lebenszyklus von Strukturen (Herstellung, Nutzung, Entsorgung) und Strukturveränderungen (zum Beispiel Sanierung, Nutzungsänderung, Verstärkung, „additive manufacturing“) gerichtet werden.
Iron-sulfur (FeS) centers are essential protein cofactors in all forms of life. In particular, FeS centers function as enzyme cofactors in catalysis and electron transfer. Understanding the crosstalk of metal ions on a cellular basis requires multidisciplinary and cooperative approaches that span the entire range from cell and molecular biology, biochemistry, inorganic chemistry, spectroscopy, and structural biology to theory. In the Priority Programme it is planned to study novel enzyme mechanisms, innovative model complexes, and to define the mechanistic basis of the metal center biogenesis pathways in the (patho-)physiological context of living organisms.
Die DFG fördert die Digitalisierung abendländisch-mittelalterlicher Handschriften. Flankierend unterstützt sie den Aufbau eines neuen Handschriftenportals, um Text- und Bildinformationen zu abendländischen Buchhandschriften des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit den Ansprüchen der Forschung entsprechend bereitzustellen. Ziel der Ausschreibung ist es, die Digitalisierung abendländisch-mittelalterlicher Handschriften maßgeblich zu befördern.
Das Schwerpunktprogramm verfolgt das Ziel, die Mechanismen des menschlichen Vergessens für einen technisch-organisationalen Kontext nutzbar zu machen. Informationssysteme in Organisationen sollen dazu beitragen zu vergessen. Dazu sollen interdisziplinär neue Methoden und Übertragungswege für Organisationen entwickelt werden, um die Balance zwischen stetig wachsenden Mengen an gespeicherten Informationen und einer Informationsreduktion durch Vergessen zu finden.
Joint call for the formation of Brazilian-German research projects in the fields of Law:
Within the scope of their Cooperation Agreement, the Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education (CAPES) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) are glad to announce a joint call for German-Brazilian research projects in the fields of law.
Das Förderprogramm eröffnet wissenschaftlichen Hochschulen die Möglichkeit, bei der DFG Mittel zum Aufbau sogenannter Publikationsfonds einzuwerben, aus denen die Gebühren für Open-Access-Zeitschriftenartikel für Autorinnen und Autoren der Hochschulen finanziert werden können. Dabei zielt die Förderung wesentlich darauf ab, verlässliche finanzielle und organisatorische Strukturen zu etablieren, sodass die Finanzierung von Open-Access-Publikationen auch nach Beendigung der DFG-Förderung gewährleistet werden kann.
Die DFG eröffnet die Gelegenheit zur Einreichung von Antragsskizzen für Kolleg-Forschergruppen in den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. Dieses Förderinstrument richtet sich an besonders ausgewiesene Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler und ist durch Arbeitsformen gekennzeichnet, die keine "äußeren Zwänge" reflektieren. Kolleg-Forschungsgruppen sollen nicht um eng definierte Themen konstruiert sein, sondern um Themengebiete und Forschungsfelder.
On the basis of their long-standing cooperation and the respective Memorandum for Understanding the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) have opened the possibility for funding of joint German-Russian projects in all areas of basic research for the period of 2020–2022.
These joint proposals have to be based on a close interaction between the German and Russian research teams and should present joint project goals and a joint work plan with balanced contributions from all project partners. Proposals without strong interaction between the partners should be submitted as separate proposals in the standard funding schemes of DFG and RFBR.
The DFG announces the 23rd call for proposals, in which participant institutions in Israel are invited to submit proposals which may come from all fields of science and research. The quality of the research work and the strength of the scientific cooperation including the exchange of scientists, in particular early career researchers (PhDs/Postdocs), are the main criteria for the review and selection. The procedure is carried out in two stages, the first stage takes place in Israel, the second stage in Germany.
Eligible for the submission of proposals are:
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) continue their initiative to support joint Sino-German research projects.
In view of the constantly high numbers of proposals NSFC and DFG have agreed to organise this initiative from now on in two consecutive calls.