Czernowitz in retrospect: urban legend and legend of the urban. This was said to be exemplary there, as well as an ironically fractured enlightenment and, finally, multiculturalism. The most diverse ethnic groups, conceptions of life and speech communities lived together in harmony. Who says that and why? Is this to be the first story that was told sine ira et studio? This is to be answered in this paper as well as the question what Czernowitz has been. In order to do so, the author draws upon diverse readings such as Paul Celan‘s.