Professor Schmidtke, the German-Israeli summer school program “New Frontiers in Islamic Studies” is taking place for the second time this year.
Yes, it is a cooperative initiative between Freie Universität Berlin and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem – but it would be more accurate to call it a trilateral project, since in addition to instructors and students from Germany and Israel, Palestinian students will also participate in the program. This cooperation is something very special in light of the current political situation.
The summer school’s topic is “The Genizah – An Unexploited Source for the Intellectual History of the Medieval World of Islam.” What is the program about?
The Hebrew term “genizah” refers to a storage area, which was usually part of a synagogue, where documents that were worn out or were no longer needed were placed in storage for a time before being buried in a religious rite. This is a characteristic of both religions, Judaism and Islam: documents cannot simply be destroyed or gotten rid of, since they could contain the name of God. As a result, people came up with other forms of “disposal,” such as burying the written materials. The texts contained in various genizah collections represent a source that has largely been neglected to date with regard to medieval intellectual history – a subdiscipline of the history of philosophy – in the Islamic world. They have been left largely unexplored by scholars of Islamic studies so far because it was assumed that the materials were mostly Jewish ones. But in fact, the genizah collections also include extensive Muslim documents, which offer new insights into intellectual history within Islamic studies in particular.
The opening lecture to be given by Israeli historian Miriam Frenkel on September 10 is titled “Texts as Objects, Objects as Texts: Material Culture in the Cairo Genizah.” What is the “Cairo Genizah”?
The term refers primarily to what is known as the Ben Ezra Genizah, in Cairo, which was rediscovered by chance in the late 19th century. The genizah contains documents from the 9th century to about the 16th. The Egyptian climate is highly favorable for paper, so the documents are still very well preserved, offering a wealth of information that is not only relevant for scholars of Jewish studies, but also for Islamic studies in particular. In her talk, Frenkel will focus on discussing the material history of the genizot – that’s the plural of genizah – and thus offer a look at one aspect of this very broad subject.
What further aspects of the genizah will be treated during the summer school?
Our goal is to cover the entire spectrum for this topic. The genizot include materials from various areas. That includes documents having to do with intellectual history – theology, law, and philosophy – but also medicine and natural sciences as well as numerous archival materials, meaning documents from everyday life, like marriage certificates, receipts, testaments, and contracts. Our goal is to give summer school participants a comprehensive overview of the materials along with the skills and knowledge they need in order to take the genizah documents into account in their own research.