The Department of Philosophy and Humanities features a breadth of research in the humanities found nowhere else in Germany. Working in eight different institutes, its members study philosophical issues, work in the field of general and comparative literature, and examine cultural and medial transformation processes. In the various fields related to the study of languages and literatures, the Department focuses primarily on Germanic and Romance languages and on Greek and Latin. Research on theatre encompasses dance, film, and music.
Students and doctoral students in the humanities are provided with an excellent academic infrastructure. The Department's facilities include the Philological Library, designed by Lord Norman Foster, and the Friedrich Schlegel Graduate School of Literary Studies, the only graduate school focusing exclusively on literary studies that was successful in the Excellence Initiative of the German government.