Project leader: Prof. Dr. Michael Schneider: Institute of Geological Sciences Hydrogeology Group
Full name: Saph Pani - Enhancement of natural water systems and treatment methods for safe and sustainable water supply in India
Funding: Collaborative project, Seventh framework programme, European Commission
Project duration: 2011 – 2014
Saph Pani addresses the improvement of natural water treatment systems such as riverbank filtration (RBF), managed aquifer recharge (MAR) and wetlands in India building on a combination of local and international expertise. The project aims at enhancing water resources and water supply particularly in water stressed urban and peri-urban areas in different parts of the sub-continent. The objective is to strengthen the scientific understanding of the performance-determining processes occurring in the root, soil and aquifer zones considering the removal and fate of important water quality parameters such as pathogenic microorganisms and respective indicators, organic substances and metals.
The project focuses on a set of case study areas in India covering various regional, climatic, and hydrogeological conditions as well as different treatment technologies (Fig.1). The site investigations include hydrological and geochemical characterisation and, depending on the degree of site development, water quality monitoring or pre-feasibility studies for new treatment schemes. Besides the actual natural treatment component the investigation may encompass also appropriate pre- and post treatment steps to improve water quality or avoid clogging of the sub-surface structures. The experimental and conceptual studies will be complemented by numerical modelling which helps to predict responses to changing conditions and to transfer results to other regions.