This pillar will feature the European Research Council, Marie-Sklodowska-Curie-Actions and Infrastructures.
The former pillars II and III of Horizon 2020 will be "merged" unter this pillar. The former "Societal Challenges" are transformed into five Clusters with the following research topics:
Horizon Europe will introduce so called "Missions" as a new feature of the programme. They are intented to work on pre-defined urgent global challenges across all Clusters of Pillar II.
The Joint Research Center of the European Commission will also act under Pillar II.
Pillar III will be the home of the newly established European Innovation Council, which shall boost innovation in Europe. The topic of European Innovation Systems will be addressed here and Pillar II will also host the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. Some parts of the former SME instrument and FET will continue to exist under Pillar III as well.
This cross-cutting "box" ist intended to support Sharing of Excellence as well as Reforming and Enhancing the European R&I Systems. Therefore, former Teaming/Twinning and Widening aspects of Horizon 2020 will be found here in order to strengthen the scientific capacity of the EU-13. The box will also give support to synergetic activities with the European Universities - a new initiative funded under the next Erasmus+ Programme.