Elizabeth M. Bonapfel is a German Research Foundation (DFG) Research Associate at the Peter Szondi Institute of Comparative Literature, Freie Universität Berlin. Her current research project traces the evolution of punctuation in modern English literature. She received her Ph.D. in English and American Literature from New York University with a certificate in Poetics and Theory in 2014. She is co-editor of Doubtful Points: Joyce and Punctuation (2014), in which her article “Marking Realism in Dubliners” appears. Other work has appeared or will appear in Theatre Survey, the Dublin James Joyce Journal, the James Joyce Quarterly, and Joyce Studies in Italy. She received her B.A. in English Literature from Haverford College.
What would literature look like without punctuation? Elizabeth M. Bonapfel’s current research project, Punctuating Presences: How Punctuation ‘Marks’ Voice, traces the evolution of punctuation in modern English literature by exploring how current punctuation practices (dashes, ellipses, parentheses, among others) derive largely from the novel’s tendency to borrow from 17th- and 18th-century printed dramatic texts, which attempted to translate the impression of spoken speech from the stage to the page. With a focus on historical conventions as they have solidified and changed from the late 17th century to the present, the project thus explores what punctuation usage tells us about the interrelationship among genres and how punctuation signals transitions in various “voices” (character, narrator, speaker, actor) in a textual medium.