Due to the worldwide accessibility and increased visibility of authors, institutions and national research performance, open access has d considerable leverage for science policy. Accordingly, open access guidelines and funding programs can be found in German speaking countries: German Research Fundation (DFG), FWF Austrian Science Fund and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF). On the European level, national funding organizations from Finland, France, Denmark, Germany, UK and the Netherlands joined together in Knowledge Exchange "to make a layer of scholarly and scientific content openly available on the Internet".
The DFG published in January 2015 a thorough revision of the funding program “Infrastructure for Electronic Publications and the Digital Communication of Science”. It is possible to apply for "start-up assistance, for example, to establish open access journals and monographs, but can also encompass completely new forms of publication such as composite publications (publications that require several different types of media for a comprehensible presentation of research findings), enhanced publications (publications with additional material), publications in social media (such as blogs or wikis), or complementary forms of publication (such as data journals or online encyclopaedias)."
The Open Access Publishing Program supporting the establishment of inter-university open access publication funds to cover publication fees was extended.