The publication fee will be covered only if a Freie Universität member is responsible for the settlement of the fee as "submitting" or "corresponding author." The author must be a Freie Universität member at the time when payment is made.
As long as the Freie Universität address was given as the author's official address in the article, the publication fees can be covered through the publication fund. Funding is not possible if the author's new address is used.
Yes. Everybody officially pursuing doctoral studies at a university in Berlin is a member of that university according to section 43(5) of the law governing higher education in Berlin (Gesetz über die Hochschulen im Land Berlin, BerlHG). Consequently, you can apply, as long as your article is in keeping with the conditions set forth for funding by the German Resarch Foundation (DFG).
Charité functions as a separate organizational entity. That means that all authors who are not additionally affiliated with Freie Universität will not receive any funding.
For further information concerning "Open Access at Charité" please contact Lisa Liebenau. She ist the Open Access Representative of Charité Berlin.