Catholic theology has been taught as an academic discipline at Freie Universität Berlin since the fall/winter semester of 1957/58. The subject is an academic reflection on the Christian faith as it is lived in the churches, especially the Roman Catholic Church.
The discipline translates the original experience of faith of the Old and New Testaments as well as the statements of faith of the Church's tradition into the present horizon of understanding. This includes methodically addressing its prerequisites, contents, and consequences.
The degree program in Catholic theology has five main goals. First, it conveys a knowledge of Christianity, and second, it aims to teach students to critically reflect on the beliefs, convictions, options, and behavior of believing people. The third goal is to teach the main sources of European and Western culture, the fourth is to analyze cultural and religious transformation processes, and the fifth is to understand the importance of religious beliefs in a globalized world.